Geophysical Survey Methods

Geophysical Investigations
November 2, 2017
Environmental Study
November 2, 2017

Geophysical Survey Methods – AAA Services.

AAA Services uses a suite of several different geophysical survey methods to map the subsurface. We own all of the specialist survey instrumentation needed to carry out geophysical surveys and having a complete capability in-house means that we routinely combine methods to measure anomalies from different subsurface properties. This approach significantly improves the changes of success of fulfilling the key survey objectives.

Our choice of geophysical survey method is made by making an appraisal of the physical properties of the target to identify any potential contrast with the subsurface materials. Appropriate survey techniques are then chosen to best exploit the contrast in physical properties and reveal the target’s location, either  in plan or cross-section.

The suite of geophysical survey techniques that we routinely employs includes:

  • Microgravity: target density contrasts to identify voids, geological features or mineral bodies
  • Seismic reflection and refraction: P and S-wave velocity contrasts to profile bedrock, overburden layers and rock strength
  • Borehole Seismics: down-hole and cross-hole seismic surveys to quantify subsurface engineering properties
  • Electromagnetics: map subsurface Geo-electrical changes to identify anomalies due to overburden variations, boundaries, plumes etc.
  • Electrical Resistivity: profile Geo-electrical properties to map top of bedrock, overburden changes, buried channels etc.
  • Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR): 2D and 3D mapping of the subsurface to characterize geological and structural features.
  • Magnetics: for mapping buried ferrous targets such as drums, tanks or UXO (unexploded ordnance)
  • Induced Polarization surveys (IP): locating and characterizing mineral deposits
  • Radiometric surveys: measure naturally occurring gamma radiation
  • Methane Gas surveys: soil vapor gas surveys to map methane gas and detect hydrocarbons
  • Utility Survey Methods: a suite of radio-detection methods to locate shallow services and utilities

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